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Maximilien LUCE 1858/1941 - By boat on the Seine, near Rolleboise - French School of the twentieth

Name : By boat on the Seine, near Rolleboise
Period : XXe century
School : French
State : Very good condition
Matter : Oil on paper
Sizes : 38 cm (l) x 27 cm (h) x (p)

Maximilien LUCE 1858/1941 - By boat on the Seine, near Rolleboise - French School of the twentieth



Maximilien Luce, born March 13, 1858 and died February 6, 1941 in Paris, is a painter, engraver and French libertarian activist. His earliest known paintings date from 1876. He has used the technique of pointillism, developed by Georges Seurat. He was also a portraitist and poster.

In May 1871, Luce was 13 when he attends the repression against the Communards. After the end of primary school, he attended evening drawings of the painter Maillart Diogenes gives workers Gobelins, then he became an apprentice in the workshop of engraving on wood Henry Theophile Hildibrand. In 1876, he entered the studio of Eugène Froment, who notably produced woodcuts for L'Illustration and continued his studies as a painter at the Academy Switzerland. He painted his first painting, The garden in Montrouge large.

At the Salon des Independants, he met Georges Seurat, Camille Pissaro, Jules Louis Rame and Paul Signac, who bought him on this occasion a work entitled The Toilet.

In February-March 1889, he was invited to exhibit his works in Brussels, where he will return again in 1892, and it is this same year he went to London with Camille Pissaro, then in Saint-Tropez Paul Signac.

He meets Ambroisine Bouin in 1893, he married and with whom he has a son, Frederick, who died in 1895. A second son, also named Frederick, born July 19, 1896.

From the working world of the Montparnasse district, Maximilien Luce had witnessed the repression of the Commune and the terrible vision conditioning his political commitment. Considered "dangerous" by the police, especially because of his participation in the newspaper Le Père Peinard and following the assassination of Sadi Carnot 24 June 1894 by Caserio, he was arrested on July 6 and then imprisoned in Mazas Prison , where he comes to the following August. However, benefits from this episode to produce many illustrations of prison life, which will be compiled into an album entitled Mazas.

He discovered Rolleboise in 1917 and settled there.

In 1934 he was elected President of the Society of Independent Artists, a title dedicated his long and varied career both in its techniques in his works.

His wife died 30 March 1940, and Maximilian, a year later. They are both buried in the cemetery of Rolleboise.


His work

Several influences have marked his paintings. From the working world, in connection with his ideas, it becomes a landscape scenes crunching industrial cities and men at work which he exalts the effort.

His friend Felix Fénéon presents in 1887 as "a brutal and loyal to a rough talent and muscular." In 1888, he described his work as that of a neo-impressionist, which "relates to Mr Seurat painting system with francs tones, placed one beside the other, legitimized by their complementary and producing intense light vibrations [...] Mr. Luce's art seeks to paint with a broad bill serenity and simple lines, the workers in their working occupations. "2 The following year, Fénéon notes a change in the colors of the painter: "lands, these old lands, are found on the palette of Mr. Maximilien Luce, and they deducted the érugineux appearance - despite the purple - and heavy of his paintings. " He added, "Mr. Luce is, as was Vallès, a strictly classical artist: all shown such in its painted landscapes, and in the album of lithographs he recently released".

He was struck by the discovery of new colors of the Industrial Revolution especially the Sillon industriel he discovered in 1895, when he was received in Brussels by Emile Verhaeren. He went to the occasion in Charleroi, accompanied by Théo van Rysselberghe, and he is fascinated by the colors of the Borinage.

Like Camille Pissarro, Luce is an active anarchist workers and painted several scenes, including the Trade Union Battle in 1910. During the Great War, he painted scenes of combat, hostile militant painting the horrors of war, as Station East (1917).

At the end of his life, he found a more classical technique and influence less committed, as in his painting Rolleboise, swimming in the small arm (1920).

Luce was with Seurat and Signac one of the founders of the Neo-Impressionist school based on the scientific study of light and the analysis of the prismatic effect of colors. Great friend of Camille Pissarro, Georges Seurat, Van Rysselberghe Theo and Louis Valtat. For a number of years, it adopts the strictly "pointillist" and later a more flexible technique. Urban landscapes and scenes depicting the world of the working class (manufacturers, dockers, workers, fishermen) in 1930 figure prominently in his work.



In addition to exhibitions in which he participated with other painters in Paris and Brussels, he had in October-November 1899 her first solo exhibition at the Galerie Durand-Ruel, in 1904 followed another to the Druet gallery, then, in 1907, at the Galerie Bernheim-Jeune in 1914 and, at the Choisel gallery. In 1926, he participated in the exhibition "30 Years of Art" at the Grand Palais.

His works are now, in addition to private collections in the world's major museums, including the Musée d'Orsay, the Museum of the Hôtel Dieu de Mantes-la-Jolie, which keeps a beautiful set of his painted works but also paper, Lambinet in Versailles museum, the museum of Grenoble, the Museum of the Annunciation in Saint-Tropez, at the Albert-André Museum in Bagnols-sur-Cèze and various museums abroad, including the United States.


Signature: lower left Luce and dated 40 (for 1940)
Period: 20th French School
Technique: Oil on paper strengthened on canvas - very good condition
Format: without frame 38 x 27 cm
Frame: In recent gilded wood frame - very good condition


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